L-ASCORBIC ACID (L-AA) The best form of vitamin C for skin brightening and anti-aging effects. Also has the most research behind it
VITAMIN E VITAMIN E Enhances the antioxidant effects of vitamin C.
FERULIC ACID FERULIC ACID Stabilizes the serum and increases its photo- protective properties.
NIACINAMIDE (AKA Vitamin B3) Skin-restoring ingredient that can improve the appearance of enlarged fine lines, and dull pores, skin.